Dyeing

(Revised May 2004)

The category is for the coloring of fiber or fiber products (thread, cloth, etc) for spinning, weaving, sewing, etc. Dyeing of non-fiber products such as leather should be entered in MATERIAL PREPARATION. Entries in this category should be in an uncrafted stage (Ex. fleece, a skein of yarn, a piece of unsewn cloth) UNLESS the dyeing was done on an already crafted product. The entry should be appropriate for some use; swatch samples are not sufficient. Multiple pieces for the same dye batch may be entered to show quantity or to demonstrate a series of color variations. Entrant should note fiber and dye process used.

Dyeing; Novice

Documentation

0-8 points. Judging and scoring for Documentation is based on a graduated level of knowledge and discussion of the components of the item. For Novice level, a 3x5 card is the minimum required, but more is encouraged. Any discussion beyond listing of the criteria below, on period practice, any conscious compromises or research is encouraged and should receive higher points than simply listing the information. Verbal feedback during the judging, how well the entrant understands the process of the creation of their item beyond what is written, can enhance the Documentation score. Give score based on the following:

  • Description of entry including some of the following: country of origin, period of origin, characteristics of style for that period.
  • Lists materials and skills used to complete the project.
  • Lists methods and tools used to complete the project.
  • Research and reference: cites at least one source and one visual or descriptive reference, or two of either.

Authenticity

0-8 points. Judge this at the Novice level, keeping in mind any plausible/explained deviations or substitutions from authentic period equivalents (reasonable substitutions for elements that are too toxic, too expensive or too rare). Efforts to achieve a completely authentic item (except those items that are unsafe) will score best. Judge on cultural consistency, appropriateness and period effect.

  • Form/function-apparent knowledge or application of period practice.
  • Methods of creation-dyeing process (any attempoints. at making dye, mordant, etc., on open flame, etc.).
  • Materials used-fiber, yarn or cloth used, dye, mordant, etc.
  • Design, style—period color or pattern or gives a period effect.

Complexity

1-5 points. Rank the ambition of the entry, not the workmanship, based on the following. Judge the entrant at the Novice level, keeping in mind that not all period items are complex.

  • Scope of endeavor (# of pieces, size of work in relation to amount of detail, etc.).
  • Difficulty/variety of design elements used.
  • Difficulty of dye and mordant preparation methods used (consider number of colors, number of steps in dye-making process, etc.).
  • Difficulty and variety of dyeing process(es) used. NOTE: High points should be given in multi-step process (top dyeing, pattern-dyeing, period batik).
  • Difficulty and variety of fiber/fabric preparation methods used (shearing, scouring, combing, spinning bleaching, etc.).
  • Extent of original work or ideas.

Workmanship

1-5 points. Rank the quality of execution and success of the entry. Judge the entrant at the Novice level, based on the following:

  • Effective use of tools, methods, execution-mastery of dyeing.
  • Choice of dye and mordant preparation methods used (consider number of colors, number of steps in dye-making process).
  • Design—Is dyeing of desired uniformity? Is color of desired strength and hue?
  • Form/Function (Did the material survive the dyeing in good shape? Will dyeing stand up to intended use?).
  • Period styling OR personalization OR special embellishment.

Overall Quality

1-4 points. Evaluate the work as a whole, rating the aesthetic effect and appeal beyond the mere technical proficiency. Consider how you react to the entry (intuitive response) and other items not previously addressed. This is the ‘wow’ factor; following are some examples to consider, but the category is not limited to these.

  • Completely authentic from the ground up.  -OR-
  • Unique or outstanding display or attempt at period presentation.  -OR-
  • Logical creative endeavor within a period methodology (creativity/individuality).  -OR-
  • You want to take it home because it is really outstanding.

Dyeing; Intermediate

Documentation

0-8 points. Judging and scoring for Documentation is based on a graduated level of knowledge and discussion of the components of the item. Intermediate level documentation should have at least minimal discussion of the components involved. More in-depth discussion or period practices or conscious compromises is encouraged and should receive higher points. Verbal feedback during the judging, how well the entrant understands the period practice and process of the creation of their item beyond what is written, can enhance the Documentation score. Give score based on the following:

  • Description and some discussion of entry including the following: country of origin, period of origin, characteristics of style for that period.
  • Some discussion of materials and skills used to complete the project.
  • Some discussion of methods and tools used to complete the project.
  • Research and reference: cites more than one source and one visual or descriptive reference, includes a reference sheet (bibliography) or cites sources in a standard format (endnotes, footnotes, parenthetical, MLA, etc.).

Authenticity

0-8 points. Judge this at the Intermediate level, keeping in mind any plausible/explained deviations or substitutions from authentic period equivalents (reasonable substitutions for elements that are too toxic, too expensive or too rare). Efforts to achieve a completely authentic item (except those items that are unsafe) will score best.

  • Form/function-apparent knowledge or application of period practice.
  • Methods of creation-dyeing process (any attempoints. at making dye, mordant, etc., on open flame, etc.).
  • Materials used-fiber, yarn or cloth used, dye, mordant, etc.
  • Design, style—period color or pattern or gives a period effect.

Complexity

1-5 points. Rank the ambition of the entry, not the workmanship, based on the following. Judge the entrant at the Intermediate level, keeping in mind that not all period items are complex.

  • Scope of endeavor (# of pieces, size of work in relation to amount of detail, etc.).
  • Difficulty of dye and mordant preparation methods used (consider number of colors, number of steps in dye-making process, etc.).
  • Difficulty and variety of dyeing process(es) used. NOTE: High points should be given in multi-step process (top dyeing, pattern-dyeing, period batik).
  • Difficulty and variety of fiber/fabric preparation methods used (shearing, scouring, combing, spinning bleaching, etc.).
  • Extent of original work or ideas.

Workmanship

1-5 points. Rank the quality of execution and success of the entry. Judge the entrant at the Intermediate level, based on the following:

  • Effective use of tools, methods, execution-mastery of dyeing.
  • Choice of dye and mordant preparation methods used (consider number of colors, number of steps in dye-making process).
  • Design—Is dyeing of desired uniformity? Is color of desired strength and hue?
  • Form/Function (Did the material survive the dyeing in good shape? Will dyeing stand up to intended use?).
  • Period style or technique or personalization or special embellishment.

Overall Quality

1-4 points. Evaluate the work as a whole, rating the aesthetic effect and appeal beyond the mere technical proficiency. Consider how you react to the entry (intuitive response) and other items not previously addressed. This is the ‘wow’ factor; following are some examples to consider, but the category is not limited to these.

  • Completely authentic from the ground up.  -OR-
  • Unique or outstanding display or attempt at period presentation.  -OR-
  • Logical creative endeavor within a period methodology (creativity/individuality).  -OR-
  • You want to take it home because it is really outstanding.

Dyeing; Advanced

Documentation

0-8 points. Judging and scoring for Documentation is based on a graduated level of knowledge and discussion of the components of the item. Advanced level documentation should have a thorough discussion of the components of the item, explains the rationale behind methods, materials, skills and tools, provides illustrations (if available), references and notes, as well as any original research or experimentation. Any conscious compromises should be explained. A summary page is helpful if the documentation is exceptionally in-depth, and more detailed work can also be put in appendices. Verbal feedback during the judging, how well the entrant understands the period practice and process of the creation of their item beyond what is written, can enhance the Documentation score. Give score based on the following:

  • Description and discussion of entry including the following: country of origin, period of origin, characteristics of style for that period.
  • Thorough knowledge or discussion of materials and skills used to complete the project.
  • Thorough knowledge or discussion of methods and tools used to complete the project.
  • Research and reference: very complete sources and visual or descriptive references, includes a bibliography and cites sources in a standard format (endnotes, footnotes, parenthetical, MLA, etc.).

Authenticity

0-8 points. Judge this at the Advanced level, keeping in mind any deviations or substitutions from authentic period equivalents (reasonable substitutions for elements that are too toxic, too expensive or too rare) must be plausible and explained. Efforts to achieve a completely authentic item (except those items that are unsafe) will score best.

  • Form/function-apparent knowledge or application of period practice.
  • Methods of creation-dyeing process (any attempoints. at making dye, mordant, etc., on open flame, etc.).
  • Materials used-fiber, yarn or cloth used, dye, mordant, etc.
  • Design, style—period color or pattern or gives a period effect.

Complexity

1-5 points. Rank the ambition of the entry, not the workmanship, based on the following. Judge the entrant at the Advanced level, keeping in mind that not all period items are complex.

  • Scope of endeavor (# of pieces, size of work in relation to amount of detail, etc.).
  • Difficulty of dye and mordant preparation methods used (consider number of colors, number of steps in dye-making process, etc.).
  • Difficulty and variety of dyeing process(es) used. NOTE: High points should be given in multi-step process (top dyeing, pattern-dyeing, period batik).
  • Difficulty and variety of fiber/fabric preparation methods used (shearing, scouring, combing, spinning bleaching, etc.).
  • Extent of original work or ideas.

Workmanship

1-5 points. Rank the quality of execution and success of the entry. Judge the entrant at the Advanced level, based on the following:

  • Effective use of tools, methods, execution-mastery of dyeing.
  • Choice of dye and mordant preparation methods used (consider number of colors, number of steps in dye-making process).
  • Design—Is dyeing of desired uniformity? Is color of desired strength and hue?
  • Form/Function(Did the material survive the dyeing in good shape? Will dyeing stand up to intended use?).
  • Period styling or personalization or special embellishment.

Overall Quality

1-4 points. Evaluate the work as a whole, rating the aesthetic effect and appeal beyond the mere technical proficiency. Consider how you react to the entry (intuitive response) and other items not previously addressed. This is the ‘wow’ factor; following are some examples to consider, but the category is not limited to these.

  • Completely authentic from the ground up.  -OR-
  • Unique or outstanding display or attempt at period presentation.  -OR-
  • Logical creative endeavor within a period methodology (creativity/individuality).  -OR-
  • You want to take it home because it is really outstanding.