Iconography

(Revised May 2004)

This category includes panel and canvas paintings, and drawings that are associated with ecclesiastical purposes. (Symbolism, how the human form is depicted in different periods and cultures.) Icons are separated into a category separate from painting because the construction of medieval icons requires components besides painting. This may include the areas of woodwork, metalwork, leatherwork, bright metal, etc.

Iconography; Novice

Documentation

0-8 points. Judging and scoring for Documentation is based on a graduated level of knowledge and discussion of the components of the item. For Novice level, a 3x5 card is the minimum required, but more is encouraged. Any discussion beyond listing of the criteria below, on period practice, any conscious compromises or research is encouraged and should receive higher points than simply listing the information. Verbal feedback during the judging, how well the entrant understands the process of the creation of their item beyond what is written, can enhance the Documentation score. Give score based on the following:

  • Lists the following: time period and place of origin, the icon’s characteristics and place in religious observance.
  • Lists materials, tools, and techniques used in period and in entry.
  • Lists color, composition, technique or symbolism used in period and in entry; entry’s design, including personal interpretation of period style.
  • Research and reference: cites at least one source and one visual or descriptive reference, or two of either.

Authenticity

0-8 points. Judge this at the Novice level, keeping in mind any plausible/explained deviations or substitutions from authentic period equivalents (reasonable substitutions for elements that are too toxic, too expensive or too rare). Efforts to achieve a completely authentic item (except those items that are unsafe) will score best.

  • Form/Function—discussion, knowledge, and use of period techniques.
  • Methods of creation—subject, composition, color, style of rendering, shading, and blending follow period examples; discussion comparing entry to period examples.
  • Materials are period or reasonable equivalents, with discussion of period materials.
  • Design/Style—motifs are appropriate to style/period attempted.

Complexity

1-5 points. Rank the ambition of the entry, not the workmanship, based on the following. Judge the entrant at theNovice level, keeping in mind that not all period items are complex.

  • Scope of project—number of pieces, size, amount of detail (remember that all sizes are difficult—large scale exaggerates minor flaws and small scale makes detail work more difficult).
  • Difficulty of materials used (support, ground, type of paint, tools, etc.).
  • Difficulty and variety of techniques used (layering, under-painting, varnishes, gilding, revetment, etc.) as appropriate to style/period.
  • Complexity of composition (layout, proportion, balance, appropriate perspective, etc.) and design elements and motifs, especially symbolism.
  • Extent of original work or ideas.

Workmanship

1-5 points. Rank the quality of execution and success of the entry. Judge the entrant at the Novice level, based on the following:

  • Draftsmanship and quality of rendering are appropriate to period aesthetics and style; shows surety of line.
  • Control of media; brush-handling; quality of special techniques; preparation of ground or support; execution and finishing.
  • Mastery of period style, techniques, and tools, including supporting panel, bracing, underlayments, and varnishing.
  • Design, composition, color, and style follow period examples; borders and proportions show understanding of geometry of icon design.
  • Period styling or personalization or special embellishment.

Overall Quality

1-4 points. Evaluate the work as a whole, rating the aesthetic effect and appeal beyond the mere technical proficiency. Consider how you react to the entry (intuitive response) and other items not previously addressed. This is the ‘wow’ factor; following are some examples to consider, but the category is not limited to these.

  • Completely authentic from the ground up.  -OR-
  • Unique or outstanding display or attempt at period presentation.  -OR-
  • Logical creative endeavor within a period methodology (creativity/individuality).  -OR-
  • You want to take it home because it is really outstanding.

Iconography; Intermediate

Documentation

0-8 points. Judging and scoring for Documentation is based on a graduated level of knowledge and discussion of the components of the item. Intermediate level documentation should have at least minimal discussion of the components involved. More in-depth discussion or period practices or conscious compromises is encouraged and should receive higher points. Verbal feedback during the judging, how well the entrant understands the period practice and process of the creation of their item beyond what is written, can enhance the Documentation score. Give score based on the following:

  • Description and some discussion of the entry, including the following: time period and place of origin; discussion of the icon’s characteristics and place in religious observance; if a copy after an existing icon, discussion of the original work’s significance.
  • Some discussion of materials, tools, and techniques used in period and in entry; discussion and/or visual examples of the work in progress.
  • Some discussion of color, composition, technique and or symbolism used in period and in entry; rationale for entry’s design, including personal interpretation of period style.
  • Research and reference: cites more than one source and one visual or descriptive reference, includes a reference sheet (bibliography) or cites sources in a standard format (endnotes, footnotes, parenthetical, MLA, etc.).

Authenticity

0-8 points. Judge this at the Intermediate level, keeping in mind any deviations or substitutions from authentic period equivalents (reasonable substitutions for elements that are too toxic, too expensive or too rare) must be plausible and explained. Efforts to achieve a completely authentic item (except those items that are unsafe) will score best.

  • Form/Function—discussion, knowledge, and use of period techniques.
  • Methods of creation—subject, composition, color, style of rendering, shading, and blending follow period examples; discussion comparing entry to period examples.
  • Materials are period or reasonable equivalents, with discussion of period materials.
  • Design/Style—motifs are appropriate to style/period attempted; discussion of symbolic content (hand and body positions, proportions, titling, etc.) and geometry of design.

Complexity

-5 points. Rank the ambition of the entry, not the workmanship, based on the following. Judge the entrant at the Intermediate level, keeping in mind that not all period items are complex.

  • Scope of project—number of pieces, size, amount of detail (remember that all sizes are difficult—large scale exaggerates minor flaws and small scale makes detail work more difficult).
  • Difficulty of materials used (support, ground, type of paint, tools, etc.).
  • Difficulty and variety of techniques used (layering, under-painting, varnishes, gilding, revetment, etc.) as appropriate to style/period.
  • Complexity of composition (layout, proportion, balance, appropriate perspective, etc.) and design elements and motifs, especially symbolism.
  • Extent of original work or ideas.

Workmanship

1-5 points. Rank the quality of execution and success of the entry. Judge the entrant at the Intermediate level, based on the following:

  • Draftsmanship and quality of rendering are appropriate to period aesthetics and style; shows surety of line.
  • Control of media; brush-handling; quality of special techniques; preparation of ground or support; execution and finishing.
  • Mastery of period style, techniques, and tools, including supporting panel, bracing, underlayments, and varnishing.
  • Design, composition, color, and style follow period examples; borders and proportions show understanding of geometry of icon design.
  • Period styling or personalization or special embellishment.

Overall Quality

1-4 points. Evaluate the work as a whole, rating the aesthetic effect and appeal beyond the mere technical proficiency. Consider how you react to the entry (intuitive response) and other items not previously addressed. This is the ‘wow’ factor; following are some examples to consider, but the category is not limited to these.

  • Completely authentic from the ground up.  -OR-
  • Unique or outstanding display or attempt at period presentation.  -OR-
  • Logical creative endeavor within a period methodology (creativity/individuality).  -OR-
  • You want to take it home because it is really outstanding.

Iconography; Advanced

Documentation

0-8 points. Judging and scoring for Documentation is based on a graduated level of knowledge and discussion of the components of the item. Intermediate level documentation should have at least minimal discussion of the components involved. More in-depth discussion or period practices or conscious compromises is encouraged and should receive higher points. Verbal feedback during the judging, how well the entrant understands the period practice and process of the creation of their item beyond what is written, can enhance the Documentation score. Give score based on the following:

  • Description and discussion of the entry, including the following: time period and place of origin; discussion of the icon’s characteristics and place in religious observance; if a copy after an existing icon, discussion of the original work’s significance.
  • Thorough knowledge or discussion of materials, tools, and techniques used in period and in entry; discussion and/or visual examples of the work in progress.
  • Thorough knowledge or discussion of color, composition, technique and or symbolism used in period and in entry; rationale for entry’s design, including personal interpretation of period style.
  • Research and reference: very complete sources and visual or descriptive references, includes a bibliography and cites sources in a standard format (endnotes, footnotes, parenthetical, MLA, etc.).

Authenticity

0-8 points. Judge this at the Advanced level, keeping in mind any deviations or substitutions from authentic period equivalents (reasonable substitutions for elements that are too toxic, too expensive or too rare) must be plausible and explained. Efforts to achieve a completely authentic item (except those items that are unsafe) will score best.

  • Form/Function—discussion, knowledge, and use of period techniques.
  • Methods of creation—subject, composition, color, style of rendering, shading, and blending follow period examples; discussion comparing entry to period examples.
  • Materials are period or reasonable equivalents, with discussion of period materials.
  • Design/Style—motifs are appropriate to style/period attempted; discussion of symbolic content (hand and body positions, proportions, titling, etc.) and geometry of design.

Complexity

1-5 points. Rank the ambition of the entry, not the workmanship, based on the following. Judge the entrant at the Advanced level, keeping in mind that not all period items are complex.

  • Scope of project—number of pieces, size, amount of detail (remember that all sizes are difficult—large scale exaggerates minor flaws and small scale makes detail work more difficult).
  • Difficulty of materials used (support, ground, type of paint, tools, etc.).
  • Difficulty and variety of techniques used (layering, under-painting, varnishes, gilding, revetment, etc.) as appropriate to style/period.
  • Complexity of composition (layout, proportion, balance, appropriate perspective, etc.) and design elements and motifs, especially symbolism.
  • Extent of original work or ideas.

Workmanship

1-5 points. Rank the quality of execution and success of the entry. Judge the entrant at the Advanced level, based on the following:

  • Draftsmanship and quality of rendering are appropriate to period aesthetics and style; shows surety of line.
  • Control of media; brush-handling; quality of special techniques; preparation of ground or support; execution and finishing.
  • Mastery of period style, techniques, and tools, including supporting panel, bracing, underlayments, and varnishing.
  • Design, composition, color, and style follow period examples; borders and proportions show understanding of geometry of icon design.
  • Period styling or personalization or special embellishment.

Overall Quality

1-4 points. Evaluate the work as a whole, rating the aesthetic effect and appeal beyond the mere technical proficiency. Consider how you react to the entry (intuitive response) and other items not previously addressed. This is the ‘wow’ factor; following are some examples to consider, but the category is not limited to these.

  • Completely authentic from the ground up.  -OR-
  • Unique or outstanding display or attempt at period presentation.  -OR-
  • Logical creative endeavor within a period methodology (creativity/individuality).  -OR-
  • You want to take it home because it is really outstanding.