Metal Musical Instruments

(Revised May 2004)

Includes wind instruments made from metal: horns, trumpets, trombones, etc. Judges may wish to consult Metalwork criteria for standards on techniques.

Metal Musical Instruments; Novice

Documentation

0-8 points. Judging and scoring for Documentation is based on a graduated level of knowledge and discussion of the components of the item. For Novice level, a 3x5 card is the minimum required, but more is encouraged. Any discussion beyond listing of the criteria below, on period practice, any conscious compromises or research is encouraged and should receive higher points than simply listing the information. Verbal feedback during the judging, how well the entrant understands the process of the creation of their item beyond what is written, can enhance the Documentation score. Give score based on the following:

  • Description of entry including some of the following: country of origin, period of origin, characteristics of style for that period.
  • Lists materials and skills used to complete the project.
  • Lists methods and tools used to complete the project.
  • Research and reference: cites at least one source and one visual or descriptive reference, or two of either.

Authenticity

0-8 points. Judge this at the Novice level, keeping in mind any plausible/explained deviations or substitutions from authentic period equivalents (reasonable substitutions for elements that are too toxic, too expensive or too rare). Efforts to achieve a completely authentic item (except those items that are unsafe) will score best.

Valves were not used; finger holes were occasionally used to correct off notes in the natural harmonic series. Keys were not common (except possibly for spit-keys). Slide trombones are period.

  • Form/function—is it a period instrument playable in a period manner (apparent knowledge or application of period practice).
  • Methods of creation—replicated measurements and construction of period pieces or are consistent and give a period effect.
  • Materials used—are period metals, etc., or reasonable substitutions that give a period effect.
  • Design, style—correct period design and decoration.

Complexity

1-5 points. Rank the ambition of the entry, not the workmanship, based on the following. Judge the entrant at the Novice level, keeping in mind that not all period items are complex.

  • Scope of endeavor (number of pieces, number of pieces to coordinate, amount of intricacy).
  • Difficulty/variety of design elements used—bending, curving, embellishment.
  • Difficulty/variety of techniques attempted—base instrument/elaboration such as mouthpiece, bell, slide, strings, etc.
  • Difficulty/variety of media, materials, tools used.
  • Extent of original work or ideas.

Workmanship

1-5 points. Rank the quality of execution and success of the entry. Judge the entrant at the Novice level, based on the following:

  • Effective use of tools, methods and execution— Construction: solid seams, smooth bends, neat solder joints, moving parts move, no abrupt discontinuities, sturdy enough for use, etc.
  • Techniques, handling of materials, etc.— Finishing: rolled rims, good flux cleanup, smooth edges, etc.
  • Design: period aesthetics, motifs, design, balance, etc.
  • Form/function: tone quality consistent and on-key, good range and playable.
  • Period styling or personalization or special embellishment.

Overall Quality

1-4 points. Evaluate the work as a whole, rating the aesthetic effect and appeal beyond the mere technical proficiency. Consider how you react to the entry (intuitive response) and other items not previously addressed. This is the ‘wow’ factor; following are some examples to consider, but the category is not limited to these.

  • Completely authentic from the ground up.  -OR-
  • Unique or outstanding display or attempt at period presentation.  -OR-
  • Logical creative endeavor within a period methodology (creativity/individuality).  -OR-
  • You want to take it home because it is really outstanding.

Metal Musical Instruments; Intermediate

Documentation

0-8 points. Judging and scoring for Documentation is based on a graduated level of knowledge and discussion of the components of the item. Intermediate level documentation should have at least minimal discussion of the components involved. More in-depth discussion or period practices or conscious compromises is encouraged and should receive higher points. Verbal feedback during the judging, how well the entrant understands the period practice and process of the creation of their item beyond what is written, can enhance the Documentation score. Give score based on the following:

  • Description and some discussion of entry including the following: country of origin, period of origin, characteristics of style for that period.
  • Some discussion of materials and skills used to complete the project.
  • Some discussion of methods and tools used to complete the project.
  • Research and reference: cites more than one source and one visual or descriptive reference, includes a reference sheet (bibliography) or cites sources in a standard format (endnotes, footnotes, parenthetical, MLA, etc.).

Authenticity

0-8 points. Judge this at the Intermediate level, keeping in mind any plausible/explained deviations or substitutions from authentic period equivalents (reasonable substitutions for elements that are too toxic, too expensive or too rare). Efforts to achieve a completely authentic item (except those items that are unsafe) will score best.

Valves were not used; finger holes were occasionally used to correct off notes in the natural harmonic series. Keys were not common (except possibly for spit-keys). Slide trombones are period.

  • Form/function—is it a period instrument playable in a period manner (apparent knowledge or application of period practice).
  • Methods of creation—replicated measurements and construction of period pieces or are consistent and give a period effect.
  • Materials used—are period metals, etc., or reasonable substitutions that give a period effect.
  • Design, style—correct period design and decoration.

Complexity

1-5 points. Rank the ambition of the entry, not the workmanship, based on the following. Judge the entrant at the Intermediate level, keeping in mind that not all period items are complex.

  • Scope of endeavor (number of pieces, number of pieces to coordinate, amount of intricacy).
  • Difficulty/variety of design elements used—bending, curving, embellishment.
  • Difficulty/variety of techniques attempted—base instrument/elaboration such as mouthpiece, bell, slide, strings, etc.
  • Difficulty/variety of media, materials, tools used.
  • Extent of original work or ideas.

Workmanship

1-5 points. Rank the quality of execution and success of the entry. Judge the entrant at the Intermediate level, based on the following:

  • Effective use of tools, methods, and execution— Construction: solid seams, smooth bends, neat solder joints, moving parts move, no abrupt discontinuities, sturdy enough for use, etc.
  • Techniques, handling of materials, etc.— Finishing: rolled rims, good flux cleanup, smooth edges, etc.
  • Design: period aesthetics, motifs, design, balance, etc.
  • Form/function: tone quality consistent and on-key, good range and playable.
  • Period styling or personalization or special embellishment.

Overall Quality

1-4 points. Evaluate the work as a whole, rating the aesthetic effect and appeal beyond the mere technical proficiency. Consider how you react to the entry (intuitive response) and other items not previously addressed. This is the ‘wow’ factor; following are some examples to consider, but the category is not limited to these.

  • Completely authentic from the ground up.  -OR-
  • Unique or outstanding display or attempt at period presentation.  -OR-
  • Logical creative endeavor within a period methodology (creativity/individuality).  -OR-
  • You want to take it home because it is really outstanding.

Metal Musical Instruments; Advanced

Documentation

0-8 points. Judging and scoring for Documentation is based on a graduated level of knowledge and discussion of the components of the item. Advanced level documentation should have a thorough discussion of the components of the item, explains the rationale behind methods, materials, skills and tools, provides illustrations (if available), references and notes, as well as any original research or experimentation. Any conscious compromises should be explained. A summary page is helpful if the documentation is exceptionally in-depth, and more detailed work can also be put in appendices. Verbal feedback during the judging, how well the entrant understands the period practice and process of the creation of their item beyond what is written, can enhance the Documentation score. Give score based on the following:

  • Description and discussion of entry including the following: country of origin, period of origin, characteristics of style for that period.
  • Thorough knowledge or discussion of materials and skills used to complete the project.
  • Thorough knowledge or discussion of methods and tools used to complete the project.
  • Research and reference: very complete sources and visual or descriptive references, includes a bibliography and cites sources in a standard format (endnotes, footnotes, parenthetical, MLA, etc.).

Authenticity

0-8 points. Judge this at the Advanced level, keeping in mind any deviations or substitutions from authentic period equivalents (reasonable substitutions for elements that are too toxic, too expensive or too rare) must be plausible and explained. Efforts to achieve a completely authentic item (except those items that are unsafe) will score best.

Valves were not used; finger holes were occasionally used to correct off notes in the natural harmonic series. Keys were not common (except possibly for spit-keys). Slide trombones are period.

  • Form/function—is it a period instrument playable in a period manner (apparent knowledge or application of period practice).
  • Methods of creation—replicated measurements and construction of period pieces or are consistent and give a period effect.
  • Materials used—are period or reasonable substitutions that give a period effect.
  • Design, style—correct period design and decoration.

Complexity

1-5 points. Rank the ambition of the entry, not the workmanship, based on the following. Judge the entrant at the Advanced level, keeping in mind that not all period items are complex.

  • Scope of endeavor (number of pieces, number of pieces to coordinate, amount of intricacy).
  • Difficulty/variety of design elements used—bending, curving, embellishment.
  • Difficulty/variety of techniques attempted—base instrument/elaboration such as mouthpiece, bell, slide, strings, etc.
  • Difficulty/variety of media, materials, tools used.
  • Extent of original work or ideas.

Workmanship

1-5 points. Rank the quality of execution and success of the entry. Judge the entrant at the Advanced level, based on the following:

  • Effective use of tools, methods, and execution— Construction: solid seams, smooth bends, neat solder joints, moving parts move, no abrupt discontinuities, sturdy enough for use, etc.
  • Techniques, handling of materials, etc.— Finishing: rolled rims, good flux cleanup, smooth edges, etc.
  • Design: period aesthetics, motifs, design, balance, etc.
  • Form/function: tone quality consistent and on-key, good range and playable.
  • Period styling or personalization or special embellishment.

Overall Quality

1-4 points. Evaluate the work as a whole, rating the aesthetic effect and appeal beyond the mere technical proficiency. Consider how you react to the entry (intuitive response) and other items not previously addressed. This is the ‘wow’ factor; following are some examples to consider, but the category is not limited to these.

  • Completely authentic from the ground up.  -OR-
  • Unique or outstanding display or attempt at period presentation.  -OR-
  • Logical creative endeavor within a period methodology (creativity/individuality).  -OR-
  • You want to take it home because it is really outstanding.