Painting

(Revised May 2004)

This category includes tempera, oil, or other paintings on panel or canvas or other media.

Painting; Novice

Documentation

0-8 points. Judging and scoring for Documentation is based on a graduated level of knowledge and discussion of the components of the item. For Novice level, a 3x5 card is the minimum required, but more is encouraged. Any discussion beyond listing of the criteria below, on period practice, any conscious compromises or research is encouraged and should receive higher points than simply listing the information. Verbal feedback during the judging, how well the entrant understands the process of the creation of their item beyond what is written, can enhance the Documentation score. Give score based on the following:

  • Description of entry including some of the following: country of origin, period of origin, characteristics of style for that period.
  • Lists materials and skills used to complete the project.
  • Lists methods and tools used to complete the project.
  • Research and reference: cites at least one source and one visual or descriptive reference, or two of either.

Authenticity

0-8 points. Judge this at the Novice level, keeping in mind any plausible/explained deviations or substitutions from authentic period equivalents (reasonable substitutions for elements that are too toxic, too expensive or too rare). Efforts to achieve a completely authentic item (except those items that are unsafe) will score best.

  • Form/function-apparent knowledge or application of period practice.
  • Methods of creation—subject, composition, color, shading, and blending follow period examples; discussion comparing entry to period examples.
  • Materials-pigments, media, etc.
  • Design/style—symbolism, design motifs, and style of rendering follow period examples.

Complexity

1-5 points. Rank the ambition of the entry, not the workmanship, based on the following. Judge the entrant at the Novice level, keeping in mind that not all period items are complex.

  • Scope of project-size, amount of detail (remember that all sizes are difficult-large scale exaggerates minor flaws and small scale makes detail work more difficult), etc.
  • Difficulty of materials used (support, ground, type of paint, tools, etc.).
  • Difficulty and variety of techniques used (layering, gesso, under-painting or under-drawing, varnishes, gilding, etc.) as appropriate to style/genre.
  • Complexity of composition difficulty (layout, proportion, balance, perspective [appropriate to period-may be atmospheric, geometric, and/or positional or not used at all], etc.) and design elements and motifs, including symbolism.
  • Extent of original work or ideas.

Workmanship

1-5 points. Rank the quality of execution and success of the entry. Judge the entrant at the Novice level, based on the following:

  • Draftsmanship and quality of rendering are appropriate to period aesthetics and style; shows surety of line.
  • Control of media; brush-handling; quality of special techniques; preparation of ground or support; execution and finishing.
  • Mastery of period style, techniques, and tools.
  • Design, composition, color, and style follow period examples; does it look as it should?
  • Period styling OR personalization OR special embellishment.

Overall Quality

1-4 points. Evaluate the work as a whole, rating the aesthetic effect and appeal beyond the mere technical proficiency. Consider how you react to the entry (intuitive response) and other items not previously addressed. This is the ‘wow’ factor; following are some examples to consider, but the category is not limited to these.

  • Completely authentic from the ground up.  -OR-
  • Unique or outstanding display or attempt at period presentation.  -OR-
  • Logical creative endeavor within a period methodology (creativity/individuality).  -OR-
  • You want to take it home because it is really outstanding.

Painting; Intermediate

Documentation

0-8 points. Judging and scoring for Documentation is based on a graduated level of knowledge and discussion of the components of the item. Intermediate level documentation should have at least minimal discussion of the components involved. More in-depth discussion or period practices or conscious compromises is encouraged and should receive higher points. Verbal feedback during the judging, how well the entrant understands the period practice and process of the creation of their item beyond what is written, can enhance the Documentation score. Give score based on the following:

  • Description and some discussion of entry including the following: time period and place of origin; style/genre/artist attempted and some discussion of the style/genre/artist’s characteristics; if a direct copy of an existing painting, discussion of the work within the original artist’s total body of work.
  • Some knowledge or discussion of materials, tools, and techniques used to complete the project.
  • Some knowledge or discussion of color, composition, technique and or symbolism used in period and in entry; rationale for entry’s design, including personal interpretation of period style.
  • Research and reference: cites more than one source and one visual or descriptive reference, includes a reference sheet (bibliography) or cites sources in a standard format (endnotes, footnotes, parenthetical, MLA, etc.).

Authenticity

0-8 points. Judge this at the Intermediate level, keeping in mind any plausible/explained deviations or substitutions from authentic period equivalents (reasonable substitutions for elements that are too toxic, too expensive or too rare). Efforts to achieve a completely authentic item (except those items that are unsafe) will score best.

  • Form/function-apparent knowledge or application of period practice.
  • Methods of creation—subject, composition, color, shading, and blending follow period examples; discussion comparing entry to period examples.
  • Materials-pigments, media, etc.
  • Design/style—symbolism, design motifs, and style of rendering follow period examples.

Complexity

1-5 points. Rank the ambition of the entry, not the workmanship, based on the following. Judge the entrant at the Intermediate level, keeping in mind that not all period items are complex.

  • Scope of project-size, amount of detail (remember that all sizes are difficult-large scale exaggerates minor flaws and small scale makes detail work more difficult), etc.
  • Difficulty of materials used (support, ground, type of paint, tools, etc.).
  • Difficulty and variety of techniques used (layering, gesso, under-painting or under-drawing, varnishes, gilding, etc.) as appropriate to style/genre.
  • Complexity of composition difficulty (layout, proportion, balance, perspective [appropriate to period-may be atmospheric,geometric, and/or positional or not used at all], etc.) and design elements and motifs, including symbolism.
  • Extent of original work or ideas.

Workmanship

1-5 points. Rank the quality of execution and success of the entry. Judge the entrant at the Intermediate level, based on the following:

  • Effective use of tools, methods, execution.
  • Techniques, handling of materials, etc.
  • Design: period aesthetics, motifs, design (note: period sense of balance and proportion is not necessarily the same as modern) etc.
  • Form/Function: does it do what it should do and look as it should look?
  • Period style or technique or personalization or special embellishment.

Overall Quality

1-4 points. Evaluate the work as a whole, rating the aesthetic effect and appeal beyond the mere technical proficiency. Consider how you react to the entry (intuitive response) and other items not previously addressed. This is the ‘wow’ factor; following are some examples to consider, but the category is not limited to these.

  • Completely authentic from the ground up.  -OR-
  • Unique or outstanding display or attempt at period presentation.  -OR-
  • Logical creative endeavor within a period methodology (creativity/individuality).  -OR-
  • You want to take it home because it is really outstanding.

Painting; Advanced

Documentation

0-8 points. Judging and scoring for Documentation is based on a graduated level of knowledge and discussion of the components of the item. Advanced level documentation should have a thorough discussion of the components of the item, explains the rationale behind methods, materials, skills and tools, provides illustrations (if available), references and notes, as well as any original research or experimentation. Any conscious compromises should be explained. A summary page is helpful if the documentation is exceptionally in-depth, and more detailed work can also be put in appendices. Verbal feedback during the judging, how well the entrant understands the period practice and process of the creation of their item beyond what is written, can enhance the Documentation score. Give score based on the following:

  • Description of the entry, including the following: time period and place of origin; style/genre/artist attempted and full discussion of the style/genre/artist’s characteristics; if a direct copy of an existing painting, discussion of the work within the original artist’s total body of work.
  • Thorough knowledge or discussion of materials, tools, and techniques used to complete the project.
  • Thorough knowledge or discussion of color, composition, technique and or symbolism used in period and in entry; rationale for entry’s design, including personal interpretation of period style.
  • Research and reference: very complete sources and visual or descriptive references, includes a bibliography and cites sources in a standard format (endnotes, footnotes, parenthetical, MLA, etc.).

Authenticity

0-8 points. Judge this at the Advanced level, keeping in mind any deviations or substitutions from authentic period equivalents (reasonable substitutions for elements that are too toxic, too expensive or too rare) must be plausible and explained. Efforts to achieve a completely authentic item (except those items that are unsafe) will score best.

  • Form/function-apparent knowledge or application of period practice.
  • Methods of creation—subject, composition, color, shading, and blending follow period examples; discussion comparing entry to period examples.
  • Materials-pigments, media, etc.
  • Design/style—symbolism, design motifs, and style of rendering follow period examples.

Complexity

1-5 points. Rank the ambition of the entry, not the workmanship, based on the following. Judge the entrant at the Advanced level, keeping in mind that not all period items are completc.

  • Scope of project-size, amount of detail (remember that all sizes are difficult-large scale exaggerates minor flaws and small scale makes detail work more difficult), etc.
  • Difficulty of materials used (support, ground, type of paint, tools, etc.).
  • Difficulty and variety of techniques used (layering, gesso, under-painting or under-drawing, varnishes, gilding, etc.) as appropriate to style/genre.
  • Complexity of composition difficulty (layout, proportion, balance, perspective [appropriate to period-may be atmospheric, geometric, and/or positional or not used at all], etc.) and design elements and motifs, including symbolism.
  • Extent of original work or ideas.

Workmanship

1-5 points. Rank the quality of execution and success of the entry. Judge the entrant at the Advanced level, based on the following:

  • Draftsmanship and quality of rendering are appropriate to period aesthetics and style; shows surety of line.
  • Control of media; brush-handling; quality of special techniques; preparation of ground or support; execution and finishing.
  • Mastery of period style, techniques, and tools.
  • Design, composition, color, and style follow period examples; does it look as it should?
  • Period styling or personalization or special embellishment.

Overall Quality

1-4 points. Evaluate the work as a whole, rating the aesthetic effect and appeal beyond the mere technical proficiency. Consider how you react to the entry (intuitive response) and other items not previously addressed. This is the ‘wow’ factor; following are some examples to consider, but the category is not limited to these.

  • Completely authentic from the ground up.  -OR-
  • Unique or outstanding display or attempt at period presentation.  -OR-
  • Logical creative endeavor within a period methodology (creativity/individuality).  -OR-
  • You want to take it home because it is really outstanding.